REGIONAL HORTICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION

Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry

Bajaura, District-Kullu, Himachal Pradesh


Thrust Area

  • Evaluation of newly introduced and already existing germplasm of temperate fruits for growth, yield and quality.

  • Evaluation of spur type apple on vigorous clonal rootstocks and of traditional regular bearing pollinizer of apple for production and productivity. Further strengthening of bud wood bank especially of apple.

  • Development of superior and high yielding, disease resistant varieties in crops like pea, tomato and capsicum and simultaneously developing package of practice for exotic and less known vegetables. Seed production of superior varieties will also be undertaken for the benefit of farmers.

  • Efforts for validation of protected cultivation techniques of vegetables under the prevailing conditions will be made.

  • Studies on propagation of bulbous flower crops and standardization of cultivation practices for major cut flower crops.

  • Development of bamboo based agri-horticultural farming systems.

  • Development of package of practices for temperate aromatic and medicinal plants.

  • Diagnosis and integrated management of emerging insect-pests and disease problems in horticultural crops.

  • The diseases of pomegranate plantations in Kullu and Mandi districts will be studied in detail and their integrated management systems will be developed.

  • Refinement of existing IPM/IDM techniques to make them more ecofriendly and economical.

  • Evaluation of organic/bio-fertilizers, bio-control agents, plant products and other eco-friendly techniques on production and protection of horticultural crops.

  • Conservation and scientific management of indigenous honey bee for promoting pollination management in horticultural crops.
     

Salient Achievements

Fruit Science

  • Various spur and early colouring apple cultivars viz. Red Chief and Oregon Spur (Spur cvs.), Vance Delicious and Top Red (Early colouring cvs.) superior to traditional have been evaluated and recommended for plantation in the state.

  • Recently two new varieties of apple viz., Scarlet Gala and Red Fuji have also been recommended for plantation in the valley as they are regular and heavy bearer and also have better fruit quality.

  • Other introductions include early maturing (Red Beaute) and late maturing (Frontier and Mariposa) cultivars of plum.

  • In pear red coloured cv. Starkrimson has also been found suitable for Kullu valley.

  • Under new fruits, kiwifruit (cvs Hayward and Allison) and pomegranate (cvs Kandhari Kabuli, Bhagwa) have also been introduced and recommended to the growers.

  • Red Haven cv. of peach and Silver King of nectarine have been found suitable for cultivation. New cultivars viz., Spring Bright, Red Gold, Venus Missorie and Syria of nectarines and cv. Andross of peach are at final stage of evaluation and recommendation.

  • In Kullu valley M7 and MM111 rootstock of apple, F 12/1 of cherry and BA 29 of pear have been rated as better.

  • A bud wood bank of all the recommended varieties of apple including virus indexed plants has been established at Seobagh.

  • New fruits to the area viz., figs, blue berries and rasp berries have also been introduced and being evaluated.

  • Herbozyme spray @ 0.5 per cent at pink bud and petal fall stage increased fruit set and fruit yield in apple.

  • Spray of Siaptalin 10 L @ 2ml/l at pink bud stage improved the fruit set and yield of Delicious apple.

  • Sitofex spray (Chlorofenuron) @ 10 ml/l of water enhanced fruit size and yield in kiwi fruit and apple.

  • Dormax spray of 1 per cent concentration was observed effective in advancing the flowering in apple cv. Golden Delicious by 5-6 days.

  • Spray of Triacontenol @5 ppm at petal fall resulted in the increase in fruit size, weight and tree growth of apple.

  • Testing of different bio manures is also being taken up at this station as one of the testing centre of the University.

Vegetable Science

  • Germplasm of crops like tomato, pea has been collected from different sources at the station and is being maintained.

  • Breeding work to develop high yielding hybrids in tomatoes and varieties with high yield potential and resistant to diseases like powdery mildew in peas is in progress.

  • Work on validation of round the year cultivation of cauliflower in Kullu valley is in progress.

  • Time of planting of garlic has been standardized as the second week of September and with full dose of recommended fertilizers the crop can give high bulb yields.

  • Germplasm of exotic vegetables like asparagus, lettuce and broccoli have been collected at the station and efforts are on for their popularization amongst the farmers

Floriculture

  • Production technology of cultivation of lilium, carnation and gladioli has been standardized.

  • Emphasis is being given on standardization of cultivation techniques for Alstroemeria.

  • A large collection of flowers, indoor plants and other landscape plants has also been done at the station.

Forestry

  • An Arboretum - Pinetum having exotic pines, conifers, broad leaved and other timber species has been established at Manali and the agro forestry activities are being undertaken at Bajaura.

  • The growers are being provided plants of thornless Robinia pseudoacacia, hybrid poplar, chinar etc

  • Temperate bamboo species are being tested for their suitability in Kullu valley.

  • Bamboo based agro forestry system involving bamboo species viz. Phyllostachys pubesense and Dendrocalamus hamiltonii is under evaluation along with field crop viz., ginger, turmeric, aloevera, soybean and wheat.

  • A good collection of grasses has also been maintained.

  • In Research Farm at Rahla 34 species of temperate aromatic and medicinal plants have been domesticated and maintained.

  • Propagation techniques for successful cultivation of Picrorhiza kurrooa have been standardized.

Plant Pathology

  • Forecasting based monitored control strategy developed for the effective management of apple scab disease and a fungicide spray schedule was formulated and recommended to apple growers for adoption.

  • For the control of premature defoliation in apple, a schedule comprising of three consecutive fungicide sprays starting with mancozeb (0.25%) + carbendazim (0.05%) at fruit development stage I (20 days after walnut stage) followed by another two sprays with zineb (0.3%) at fruit development stage II (20 days after FDI) and ziram (0.3%) at pre harvest (20 days prior to fruit harvest) stage was found quite effective (PDC=99.42) and economical (Cost Benefit Ratio (CBR) =1:5.92).

  • An integrated spray schedule, for management of premature leaf fall, powdery mildew and Alternaria leaf spot diseases of apple, consisting of five sprays starting with difenoconazole (0.015%), at petal fall followed by fluquinconazole (0.05%), companion (0.25%), HM mixture (0.25%) and Quintal (0.2%) at walnut, fruit development stage I, II and pre-harvest stage, respectively was highly effective.

  • For the control of collar rot disease of apple, the combined application of Trichoderma harzianum–3/ T. longibrachiatum, Bacillus subtilis-3 and mustard cake/ bio-fumigation with mustard plants was rated as best.

  • The application of T. harzianum-3 and Pseudomonas fluorescens (KB6) combined with neem cake/ bio-fumigation with neem/ cabbage leaves was highly effective against root rot disease in apple.

  • In cherry, the combined application of Trichoderma viride-5, Bacillus subtilis-3 and mustard cake/ bio-fumigation with mustard plant was highly effective against crown gall disease.

  • In an integrated management of major canker diseases in apple, two sprays with copper oxychloride/ copper hydroxide (Kocide)/ Shield/ captan @ 0.3%/ carbendazim (0.05%) at post harvest and late dormancy (same fungicide was not repeated in 2nd spray) was highly effective.

  • A paint containing copper carbonate, red lead and Kinetin (10 ppm) in white paint (1:1:1.5) used for the recovery of pink canker (Corticium salmonicolor) lesions in apple provided maximum recovery.

  • Pre plant soil sterilization/solarization combined with the application of additional phosphatic fertilizers has been found effective in checking the replant problem in apple.

  • A schedule comprising of two consecutive sprays starting with hexaconazole (0.05%) at the first appearance of disease in July followed by another spray with dithianon (0.05%) after one month of first spray has been recommended for effective management of plum rust.

  • A comprehensive integrated spray schedule for the control of diseases and insect pests in new fruit crop pomegranate has been developed and recommended.

  • Spray schedules have also been formulated for management of fungal and bacterial diseases appearing in tomato, peas and cole crops.

  • A spray schedule consisting of companion @ 0.25% followed by difenoconazole (score)/tebuconazole (folicur) @0.015% followed by mancozeb (Dithane M-45) @ 0.25% along with sticker at 15 days interval has been recommended for the control of stemphyllium disease in garlic.

Entomology and Apiculture

  • Four applications (at petal fall, walnut and twice at 15-20 days after walnut stage) of summer oils (Orchex 796, DC Tron, IPOL (summer) and Shelter 909) @ 1.0% control mite in apple at moderate to low populations under field condition.

  • Timing of two applications of insecticide chlorpyriphos (0.04%) starting at 450-475 day degrees only on infested apple trees provided excellent control of scale populations during summer. Summer oils were found as effective as other miscible oils (HPSO and SERVO) @ 2.0%.

  • A spray schedule for effective management of foliar and fruit insect pests/mite in apple has been formulated and recommended.

  • Effective management of the root borer can be done by i) Drenching with chlorpyrifos (0..1%) up to 1.25m radius around the tree trunk in October – November and March. ii) Mixing of insecticidal dust @ 300gms per tree from mid-June to Mid July. iii) Killing of the adult beetle by installing the light traps inside the orchard. iv) Mechanical killing of the grubs by exposing the roots of infested trees

  • Buds and flower damaging beetles in apple and pear have been effectively controlled by the application of methyl parathion (0.05%) /Chlorpyriphos (0.04%)/monocrotophos (0.04%) once or twice at a weekly interval before flowering.

  • Methods for scientific management of Apis cerana indica honey bees have been developed and promoted among local bee keepers. A fixed beehive with movable frames has also been designed to keep cerana bees in fruit orchards.

Agrometeorology

  • An Agromet Observatory has been established with the help of IMD during 1992. Based on the forecast received from Super Computer (Pune) under National Medium Range Weather Forecasting System, an Agromet Advisory Bulletin is prepared and released every week on Tuesday since 1995 through print and electronic media for the benefit of local growers.

  • Collection and documentation of indigenous knowledge and traditions in weather prediction in Himachal Pradesh is also being done by surveying different parts of the State.
     

  •  

Ongoing Research Projects (Externally Funded)

 

Sr. No.

Project code and title

Total grant (in lakhs)

Date of Start

Date of Completion

1.

HGI-017-53. Agromet Advisory Service at Seobagh, MS Jangra

Yearly allocation

1996-97

Long-term

2.

HCR-152-53, ICAR outreach project on, ‘Phytophthora, Fusarium and Ralstonia diseases of horticultural and field crops’.

Dr Jayant Kumar

67.016

April 2009

March 2013

3.

ICAR Network project on, ‘Out reach of technology for temperate fruit crops’.

Dr. Jayant Kumar

17.00

April 2009

March 2013

4.

HMM-036-53 Network project on plant material Dr Jayant Kumar

11.25

December 2008

November 2012

5.

“Development and dissemination of location specific protocol for integrated management of diseases of pomegranate in mid hills of Himachal Pradesh” Dr. Kishore Khosla

9.75

Nov. 2010

Oct. 2012

6.

HMS-324-53Validation and Promotion of production techniques of exotic vegetables under mid hills of Himachal Pradesh,

Dr Bhupinder Singh Thakur,

4.65

October, 2011

September, 2013

 

 

Research Projects (Completed)

 

S. No.

Project title

Financial outlay

Date of Start

Date of Termination

1. 

HGI-121-53 Validation and promotion of round the year production of cauliflower in the mid hills of the Himachal Pradesh.

4.70

October 2007

September 2010

2.

FGI-069-53, Assessment of carbon in vegetation pool in Himachal Pradesh

2.08

October, 2008

March, 2010

3.

HMS-196-53, Establishment of herbal garden for Mandi district at Jhiri

3.0

October, 2008

September, 2011

4.

HMS-197-53, Small nursery for the production of planting material in RHRS, Bajaura

3.00

October, 2008

September, 2011

5.

FGI-062-53, Development of bamboo based agroforestry systems for Himachal Pradesh

37.25

October, 2007

September, 2010

6.

HMM-021-53, Diagnosis and integrated management of fungal core rot disease of apple fruits in Himachal Pradesh.

9.515

May 2008

April 2011

7.

MMM-003-53. Plan honeybee pollination for improvement of horticulture crops

2.79 (1st

year)

Nov., 2006

July, 2009

8.

HGI-112-53. Collection and documentation of indigenous knowledge and traditions in weather prediction in Himachal Pradesh.

2.00

March, 2006

February, 2010

9.

HGI-115-53. Factors influencing colony population and honey production in indigenous honeybee, A. cerana under mid and high hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh

12.06

May, 2006

March, 2009

10.

HMS-146-53. Demonstration and cultivation of fruits, vegetable crops and Agroforestry/ medicinal plants in Manikaran and Garsa valleys of Kullu district in HP.

4.66

July, 2006

June, 2010

11.

HMS-146-53. Demonstration and cultivation of fruits, vegetable crops and Agroforestry/ medicinal plants in Sainj Valley of Kullu district in HP.

2.62

August, 2006

July, 2010