Research Activities

a. Thrust Area

  • To generate skilled human resource in modern horticulture and other allied fields for industry, research and development, self employment and service industry.
  • To develop latest technologies for modern crop production and ensuring food safety and nutritional security.
  • To disseminate refined technologies of crop production through consultancy and trainings/refresher courses.

 

b. Salient Achievements

Fruit Science

  • Peach and pomegranate have been identified as most suitable alternatives for crop diversification under frost prone region.
  • Prediction model for temperature drop rate during a radiation frost has been developed as:
  • Ti = T530 – (0.27 T530 Lo) / e(0.1 Lo)
  • On the basis of field survey and REL (Relative Electrolyte Leakage) method, different species studied have been arranged in ascending order of their relative susceptibility to frost as follows: Strawberry < pomegranate < loquat < citrus < phalsa < guava ≈ jamun ≈ litchi < aonla≈a karonda ≈a Raspberry ≈ab mango ≈b jackfruit t< custard apple < banana ≈ papaya.
  • The highest number of saleable grafts in mango (11.69) per m2 bed area were obtained when the seedlings were transplanted at a spacing of 30x20 cm during last fortnight of August to mid September. It was also noticed during the study that more proportion of early transplanted seedlings became graftable by March. Hence, there exists a wide scope for raising mango grafts in a single year, as these grafts can attain saleable size by July-August if proper irrigation and nutrition is provided. Overall saleable plant material was highest with application of 10 Kg FYM + 25g N + 16 g P2O5 + 60g K2O per m2 bed area.
  • An experiment on the effect of Nitrogen fertigation on yield and quality of peach was undertaken in April 2011. Four doses viz. full dose recommended in Package of practices, 2/3 dose, half, 1/3 dose of NPK were applied through drip to the peach plants in ten split application separated by an interval of 10 days. A full dose of N was added as soil application as per standard recommendation to the control plants The plants fertigated with full dose and 2/3 dose of N,P and K showed significantly higher fruit weight , length, diameter,, TSS and yield and were statistically at par with each other.
  • An experiment was conducted to assess the effect of some plant bio-regulators on reducing the fruit drop in three cultivars of mango. The highest number of fruit set per panicle observed was Amarpali (mean-69.04 range-35 to 136), followed by Dashehari (mean-25 range- 19 to 48) and Mallika (mean-19 range-7 to 28). The natural fruit drop was highest in cultivar Mallika which was followed by Amarpali and Dashehari. Treatment of plants with 2,4-D @ 20 ppm in combination with black polythene mulch was found to be the most effective in reducing fruit drop in mango
  • The maximum seedling survival (13/m2) in aonla nursery was recorded at a spacing 30x10 cm . The maximum number of buddable seedlings (10.6) per m2 bed area were obtained in the treatment combination of 30x20 cm spacing and fertilization @5 Kg FYM + 12.5g N + 8 g P2O5 + 30g K2O per m2 bed area .

 

Vegetable Science

  • 20 genotypes/local accessions of brinjal were evaluated for various horticultural traits and it was observed that Local Selection-1, LS-3 and LS-10 performed better for yield and its contributing traits. Two collections LS-7 and LS-8 were found to be less susceptible to fruit borer as compare to other genotypes
  • Fifteen farmers representing three blocks Bijhar, Bamsan (Tauni Devi) and Sujanpur of the district Hamirpur were motivated to raise ginger, turmeric and colocasia during June, 2011 in monkey menace areas. Under the concept of diversification possibility of cultivation of crops like ginger, turmeric & colocasia was explored. Diversification towards cash crops by replacing traditional maize, Ginger, Turmeric and Colocasia crops is possible in monkey affected areas. Due to specific food habit of monkey these crops were not damaged by them. Being a non-perishable crop the storage and marketing is also not a problem.
  • An indigenous under-utilized vegetable vankakri (creeping cucumber) has been collected and planted in the farm for standardization of its production technology. The immature tender green fruits (Berries) are cooked as vegetable. Two node stem cuttings are ideal for multiplication but stem should be free from disease and insects. These cuttings should be planted in sand beds in July –August when temperature and humidity are conducive. The cuttings rooted 16-18 days after planting. The physic-chemical analysis revealed that that the average weight of berries was 10.83 g, fresh TSS 2.9%, Moisture content 90.7%. Ascorbic acid content was found to be 41.26mg/ 100 g of pulp
  • Among the ten varieties of onion evaluated for horticultural traits under low hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh. Agrifound Light Red and Nasik Red were the best performing varieties on the basis of yield and yield contributing traits.
  • Twenty five local genotypes/accessions of garlic were evaluated along with recommended varieties at IBES, Neri. The local accessions NG-25, NG- 4, NG-1 and NG-20 performed better in yield and yield contributing traits. 
  • 10 lines of ginger were evaluated and on their mean performance LS-1, LS-3 and LS-4 performed better for various yield and quality traits.
  • Among 10 local accessions of termeric evaluated TS-1 and TS-8 performed better for various yield and quality traits.
  • 15 local accessions of colocasia were evaluated and among them CS-5, CS- 7 and CS-13 performed better for various horticultural traits.

 

Mycology & Plant Pathology

  • The causal agent of bacterial spot of bottle gourd was identified to be a bacterium Xanthomonas cucurbitae Conducted surveys in Hamirpur, Bilaspur, Una and Mandi districts of the state during the 2010 cropping season and recorded the severity of bacterial spot of bottle gourd. The disease severity ranged between 10 to 78 per cent while, the crop losses ranged between 10.07 to 70.61 per cent. Maximum inhibition of causal bacterium under in vitro evaluation of chemicals was exhibited by streptocycline at 200 ppm followed by the same at 150 and 100 ppm and copper oxychloride at 2000 ppm.
  • Seed dip treatment with streptocycline + copper oxychloride for 3.0 h followed by three foliar sprays with the same combination of chemicals resulted in about 76 % control of bacterial spot disease of bottle gourd during 2011 crop season.
  • A leaf rust of aonla was recorded for the first time in Himachal Pradesh and the pathogen has been identified as Phakopsora phyllanthi under the accession No. HCIO 50147. The severity of leaf rust of aonla ranged between 2 to 5 per cent on mature plants and 10 to 78 per cent on nursery plants.
  • A new leaf spot disease was identified on karonda in Himachal Pradesh and the causal fungus has been identified as Pestalotia carissae under ITCC ID No. 8167.11. The severity of leaf spot of karonda ranged between 2 to 48 per cent.
  • A rust fungus attacking Clematis viginiana has been identified as Coleosporium clematidis under the accession No. HCIO 50148 from sub tropical zone of Himachal Pradesh.
  • Hexaconazole sprayed at 0.05 % was found most effective (73.53%) in managing the powdery mildew of pea followed by carbendazim, difenoconazole, kitazin and demethomorph.
  • Cultivation of white button and oyster mushroom has been started.

 

Floriculture

  • Established Model Floriculture Centre at Bhota farm.
  • Preliminary studies on important sub-tropical ornamentals like bougainvillea, roses, poinsettia, euphorbia, hibiscus and kalanchoe have indicated that all of them are excellent performers under Bhota- Neri conditions. 
  • More than 60 per cent rooting success has been obtained in bougainvillea, roses and poinsettia cuttings under polyhouse conditions in a substrate containing coarse sand medium.
  • Important foliage plant ornamentals being evaluated are Araucaria, Asparagus, Brassia, Variegated schefflera, Aglaonema, Ornamental bamboos, Ornamental palms, Philodendron, Crotons and Peperomia. Whereas, promising potted plants being maintained are Pelargoniums, Dwarf poinsettia, Euphorbia, Kalanchoe, Pot mums and other seasonals.

 

Entomology & Apiculture

  • The fruit flies, Bactrocera sp. were recorded important pests of mango in the area. An average fruit infestation of 7.2 per cent was recorded in harvested mangoes in Jalari Village of Hamirpur district.
  • The shoot borer, Chlumetia transversa Walker, leaf cutting weevil, Deporaus marginatus Fasc. and defoliating beetles (mainly Chrysonelids) were recorded serious on new flush in mango during July-September.
  • The incidence of leaf webber, Orthaga euadrusalis Walker was also recorded high on mango in the area. An unidentified borer (stem/twig) was recorded serious pest of sandal at Bhota and Neri.
  • The fruit flies remained the important pests of cucurbits and tomato in the region. The average incidence was 25 per cent in cucumber and 15.04 per cent is in bitter gourd.
  • Tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera litura was recorded a serious pest on capsicum and tomato grown under polyhouse conditions in Hamirpur district.
  • Survey studies on nematodes associated with greenhouse crops revealed Meloidogyne spp. as most devastating plant parasitic nematode with average soil population ranging between 50-6500 J2/ 200 cc soil and root population 3-1102 individuals/5 g roots in district Hamirpur.
  • Nematode- disease complexes were observed under protected conditions viz., Meloidogyne spp. + Ralstonia solanacearum in capsicum and Meloidogyne spp. + Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthii in carnation in lower region of the State.
  • Meloidogyne spp. population reduced to significant level when soil was amended with noxious weeds like Parthenium sp. and Lantana camera and also helps in eradication of these weeds to some extent besides adding organic matter to the soil.
  • Deltamethrin (Decis 2.5 EC) applied @ 0.125 % was observed most effective against pea leafminer in pea followed by swarna (Neem) @ 0.5 ml v/v basis.

 

Forestry

  • Seed germinability of Santalum album L- was found to be increased (70%) when its seeds were treated with 0.05 per cent gibbrellic acid (GA3) for 16 hours.
  • Fast and early germination (within 7 days) of Santalum album L- seeds was found when its seeds were sown after removal of mesocarp.
  • Seed germination of Asparagus racemosus was found to be enhanced (75%) when its seeds were treated with one per cent gibbrellic acid.
  • Keeping in view the importance of herbalism today, a herbal garden has been established at Neri-II farm. So far, 75 species of medicinal and aromatic value have been planted and maintained in this garden. These species include plants of local and commercial importance.
  • Harar (Terminalia chebula) Retz is emerging as a potential commercial crop of lower Himachal. The fruits of Harar are in big demand as these are used in several pharmaceutical formulations. The fruit is a known panacea for stomach disorders, eye diseases, heart burn, sore throat etc. Beside this, fruit is also used for making preserve and pickle. The tree is hardy and can be grown under harsh climatic conditions and degraded lands as well.
  • The fruit bearing period in Harar and Reetha has been reduced tremendously. Budded Harar and Reetha plants have started bearing fruits at the age of first two years in comparison to 12 years in plants of seedling origin.
  • Neem has been grafted/budded on Darek successfully. The growth of budded neem has been many fold in comparison to plants of seedling origin during first growing season.
  • High yielding grasses like Setaria and Napier have been recommended for planting in grass land.
  • Kashmiri willow has been found the best w.r.t. to growth among 47 clones procured from India and abroad.
  • L-88/84 clone of poplar has out performed other twenty clones under nursery conditions

GERMPLASM INTRODUCED

Name of the species

Cultivars

No. of plants

Source of Introduction

Mango (Mangifera indica)

Amarapali

315

Regional Horticultural Research Station, Jachh (HP), India

Bombay Green

5

-do-

Safeda

10

-do-

Barmasi

2

-do-

Sindhuri

5

-do-

Gourjit

12

-do-

Langra

15

-do-

Chausa

5

-do-

Sindhu

2

-do-

Vanraj

3

-do-

Arka Aruna

1

-do-

Alphonso

12

-do-

Malika

95

-do-

Totappri

3

-do-

Dashehari

135

-do-

LR Brother

10

-do-

Ramkela

77

-do-

Salem Selection

1

Deptt. of Hort. (HP), India

D-51

20

-do-

Dashehari selection

10

-do-

Selection GN-2

3

Fruit Research Station Gangian (PAU, Ludhiana) Pb. India

GN-3

3

-do-

GN-4

3

-do-

GN-5

3

-do-

GN-6

3

-do-

GN-19

3

-do-

Ambika

1

Central Institute of Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow (UP) India

Pusa Arunima

1

IARI New Delhi, India

Pusa Surya

1

-do-

Mankurad

1

MPKV, Rahuri, Maharastra, India

 Alphanso

1

--do--

Kesar

1

--do--

Hillario

1

--do--

Apricot

(Prunus armeniaca)

Early Shipley

25

CSK HPKV, Palampur (HP), India

New Castle

25

--do--

Pomegranate

(Punica granatum)

Jodhpuri Red

10

Regional Horticultural Research Station, Bajura (HP), India

Kandhari Mohd. Ali

60

-do-

Kandhari Chawla

10

-do-

Kandhari Kabuli

20

-do-

Ganesh

45

-do-

Mridula

10

-do-

Bhagwan

200

MPKV, Rahuri, Maharastra, India

Peach

(Pyrus persica)

Nectarin

5

Regional Horticultural Research Station, Bajura(HP), India

 

July Elberta

5

-do-

Shan-i-Punjab

25

PAU Ludhiana (Pb.) India

Prabhat

25

-do-

Pratap

25

-do-

Early grande

25

-do-

Florida Prince

25

-do-

Banana

(Musa spp.)

Alpan

10

Regional Horticultural Research Station, Jachh (HP) India

Local Selection

20

-do-

Guava

(Psidium guajava)

 

L-49

50

Deptt. Hort., (HP) India

Lalit

4

Central Institute of Subtropical Horticulture, Lukhnow (UP) India

 

Sweta

3

Central Institute of Subtropical Horticulture Lucknow (UP) India

 

Lalit

5

-do-

Jamun

(Syzygium cumini)

Local Selection –Bj-1

5

Local Selection, Booni, (HP) India

BJ-2

3

Local Selection, Mangler., (HP) India

Pear

(Pyrus communis)

Bagugosha

15

Deptt. Hort., (HP) India

Pathar Nakh

6

NBPGR, Phagli (HP) India

Kashmiri pear

6

-do-

Punjab Beauty

35

PAU Ludhiana (Pb.) India

Punjab Gold

35

-do-

Punjab Nector

35

-do-

Fig

(Ficus carica)

Local selection (BF-3)

11

Local, (HP) India

Dinkar

40

MPKV, Rahuri, Maharastra, India

EC 452168 California

Brown Turkey USA

4

2

NBPGR, New Delhi, India

EC 452167  USA

2

 --do--

Aonla (Emblica officinalis)

Chakiya

100

Regional Horticultural Research Station, Jachh (HP), India

 

NA-5

10

NDAU Faizabad (UP)  India

NA-6

5

-do-

NA-7

15

-do-

NA-10

15

-do-

Kanchan

10

-do-

Krishna

5

-do-

Luxmi-52

52

-do-

Litchi

(Litchi Chinensis)

Culcuttia

70

Deptt. Hort., (HP) India

Dehradun

140

-do-

Citrus

(Citrus spp.)

Kinnow

100

Regional Horticultural Research Station, Jachh (HP), India

 

K.Lime

135

-do-

Mandarin (Agra)

50

-do-

Sweet orange

10

-do-

Baramasi Lemon

50

-do-

Karonda

(Carissa carandas)

-

561

-do-

Kiwi

(Actinidia deliciosa)

Bruno

12

Regional Horticultural Research Station Bajaura (HP), India

 

Monty

5

-do-

Alison (F)

10

-do-

Hayward

13

-do-

Abbot

5

-do-

Alison (M)

3

-do-

Tommi

7

-do-

Walnut

(Juglans regia)

Gobind seedling

10

-do-

Loquat

(Eriobotrya japonica)

Gola

5

Regional Horticultural Research Station, Jachh (HP), India

 

Japani

5

-do-

Benajir

5

-do-

Grapes

(Vitis vinifera)

Flame seedless

4

PAU Ludhiana (Pb.) India

Perlette

6

-do-

Plum

(Prunus spp.)

Satluj Purple

30

-do-

 

Kala Amritsari

10

-do

 

Frontier

40

CSK HPKV, Palampur (HP) India

 

KP/08-54

1

NBPGR, Phagli (HP) India

Phalsa (Grewia subiaequalis)

Sharbati

100

HAU Hisar (Haryana) India

 

c. Ongoing Research Projects (Externally Funded)

S No.

Project Title

Name of PI/Co-PI

Funding Source

1.

Establishment of model floriculture centre

Dr S R Dhiman

Dr Sunil Kumar

Dr Reshma Negi

Technology Mission for Integrated development of Horticulture in Himachal Pradesh (Mini Mission - II)

2.

Increasing productivity of degraded lands of Himachal Pradesh through newly developed Improved strains of  Soapnut, Harar, Bahera and Aonla

Dr Kamal Sharma

Dr Sanjeev Thakur

Ministry of Rural Development, New Delhi

3.

Freeze restriction studies for frost protection in subtropical fruit plants

Dr Shashi K Sharma

DST, GOI

4.

Refinement of technology for the management of mango decline in Himchal Pradesh

Dr Kumud Jarial

MOA (through CPRI/ICAR)

5.

Assessing soil erosion and nutrient loss and its impact on soil quality and crop productivity

Dr K S Verma

DOS, GOI

 

 RESEARCH PROJECTS COMPLETED

Sr. No.

Title of Project

Name of PI/Co-PI

Funding agency

1.                   

Mass production of commercially important aromatic and medicinal plants and field demonstration on farmers field in Shiwalik region of Himachal Pradesh

Dr Kamal Sharma

Dr S.D. Kashyap

HTM,GOI

2.                   

Quality nursery production for diversification of fruit crops in the frost prone low hill region of HP

Dr Shashi K. Sharma

RKVY,MOA,GOI

3.                   

Establishment of plant health clinic at regional horticultural & forestry research station Bhota/Neri

Dr R.K. Mandradia

Dr V.K. Rana

Dr. Kamal Sharma

HTM,GOI

4.                   

Mass propagation and participatory demonstration of elite germplasm of karonda, galgal, fig and jamun in the low shiwalik hills of HP

Dr Shashi K. Sharma

Dr S.D. Kashyap

Dr Som Dutt Sharma

HTM,GOI

5.                   

Development of precision protected cultivation module and transfer of technology to the farmers of low hill area

Dr B.S. Dogra

Dr R.K. Mandradia

RKVY, MOA,GOI

6.                   

Studies on development of bamboo based agro-forestry models for Himachal Pradesh

Dr D.R. Bhardwaj

Dr Kamal Sharma

ICAR, GOI

7.                   

Development of precision protected cultivation module and transfer of technology to the farmers of low hill region of H.P.

Dr. B.S. Dogra

Dr R.K. Mandradia

RKVY

8.                   

Infrastructure strengthening at RHFRS, Bhota, Neri for improving Horticultural productivity of low hill region of H.P.

Dr Kamal sharma

Dr. B.S. Dogra

RKVY