Department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture
Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry - Solan


Flowers are high value commodities used in various ways in domestic and social activities and in industries such as essential oils, dry flowers, natural dye extraction etc. Cultivation of flowers provides opportunity to farmers to earn a better livelihood and harvest more profit per unit area. Floriculture has received considerable interest in India in recent years from the policymakers, researchers, agricultural and horticultural planners. The enhancement in per capita income and urbanization have led to increased demand for flowers. An estimate of National Horticulture Board puts the area under flower crops at 2,48.51 thousand  hactare with a production of 1685 thousand tonnes of loose flowers and 472 thousand tonnes of cut flowers during 2014-15.

Himachal Pradesh, endowed with different agro-climatic conditions ranging from sub-tropical to dry temperate zones, has premium potential for growing cut flowers, which are off-season wrt plains as well as bulbs and seed multiplication. Area under floricultural crops in the state has arisen from only 25 ha in 1993-94 to 914 ha during 2012-13. Farmers are earning 99.98 crores annually from the cultivation of flower crops. Ornamental crops grown according to maximum area are chrysanthemum, marigold, gladiolus, carnation, rose, potted plants, annuals, lilium, gerbera, daffodils, flower seeds and alstroemeria.

The Department of Floriculture and Landscaping was carved out from Vegetable Crops and Floriculture in November, 1987. After its formation, the department actively engaged in Teaching (Undergraduate and Postgraduate level), Research and Extension education activities. Today, the discipline of Floriculture and Landscaping in the Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Solan has made significant progress and ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) has identified this centre as National Repository for Carnation under All India Coordinated Floriculture Improvement Project. During the Group meeting of AICFIP- held on 25-27 Feb, 2014 at PAU, Ludhiana the performance of the Department of Floriculture & Landscape Architecture for running AICFIP of ICAR has been declared ‘Excellent’.

Important Commercial Flower Crops

  1. Alstroemeria

  2. Aster

  3. Antirrhinum

  4. Bird of Paradise

  5. Carnation

  6. Chrysanthemum

  7. Daffodil

  8. Freesia

  9. Gladiolus

  10. Godetia

  11. Gerbera

  12. Iris

  13. Lilium

  14. Marigold

  15. Ornithogalum

  16. Orchids

  17. Rose

  18. Tuberose


  • Impart education at undergraduate and post graduate levels

  • Introduction, evaluation and development of new cultivars of flower crops

  • Standardize technology for production and management of flower crops, pot plants and landscape plants

  • Standardization of seed production and propagation technology of ornamental crops

  • Standardization of dehydration technology for important cultivated and wild ornamentals

  • Explore possibilities for commercialization of wild ornamentals of Himachal Pradesh

  • Standardization of post harvest technology for ornamental crops

  • Transfer of technology for commercialization of ornamentals

Area of Specialization

The department offers specialization in the following areas at the post graduate level

  • Flower regulation

  • Production Technology

  • Germplasm conservation, biodiversity and improvement

  • Biotechnology

  • Propagation

  • Protected cultivation

  • Flower regulation

  • Post harvest technology

  • Dehydration technology cum value addition

  • Bio-aesthetic planning

Head of the Department Contact Detail



Dr Y. C. Gupta

Professor and Head
Department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture
Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry,Nauni Solan(HP) 173230
Telephone: +01911792-252276 ( 0)
Fax: +911792-252242
Mobile: 91-94181-08902