Introduction

Flowers are high value commodities used in various ways in domestic and social activities and in industries such as essential oils, dry flowers, natural dye extraction etc. Cultivation of flowers provides opportunity to farmers to earn a better livelihood and harvest more profit per unit area. Floriculture has received considerable interest in India in recent years from the policymakers, researchers, agricultural and horticultural planners. The enhancement in per capita income and urbanization have led to increased demand for flowers. An estimate of National Horticulture Board puts the area under flower crops at 2,78,000 hactare with a production of 1656,000 MT of loose flowers and 528,000 MT of cut flowers during 2015-16.

 

Himachal Pradesh, endowed with different agro-climatic conditions ranging from sub-tropical to dry temperate zones, has premium potential for growing cut flowers, which are off-season wrt plains as well as bulbs and seed multiplication. Area under floricultural crops in the state has arisen from only 25 ha in 1993-94 to 708.61 ha during 2016-17. Farmers are earning 9191.97 lakh annually from the cultivation of flower crops. Ornamental crops grown according to maximum area are chrysanthemum, marigold, gladiolus, carnation, rose, potted plants, annuals, lilium, gerbera, daffodils, flower seeds and alstroemeria.

The Department of Floriculture and Landscaping was carved out from Vegetable Crops and Floriculture in November, 1987. After its formation, the department actively engaged in Teaching (Undergraduate and Postgraduate level), Research and Extension education activities. Today, the discipline of Floriculture and Landscaping in the Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Solan has made significant progress and ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) has identified this centre as National Repository for Carnation under All India Coordinated Floriculture Improvement Project.

During the Group meeting of AICFIP- held on 25-27 Feb, 2014 at PAU, Ludhiana the performance of the Department of Floriculture & Landscape Architecture for running AICFIP of ICAR has been declared "Excellent"

Important Commercial Flower Crops

    1. Alstroemeria
    2. Aster
    3. Antirrhinum
    4. Bird of Paradise
    5. Carnation
    6. Chrysanthemum
    7. Daffodil
    8. Freesia
    9. Gladiolus
    10. Godetia
    11. Gerbera
    12. Iris
    13. Lilium
    14. Marigold
    15. Ornithogalum
    16. Orchids
    17. Rose
    18. Tuberose

Mandate

  • Impart education at undergraduate and post graduate levels
  • Introduction, evaluation and development of new cultivars of flower crops
  • Standardize technology for production and management of flower crops, pot plants and landscape plants
  • Standardization of seed production and propagation technology of ornamental crops
  • Standardization of dehydration technology for important cultivated and wild ornamentals
  • Explore possibilities for commercialization of wild ornamentals of Himachal Pradesh
  • Standardization of post harvest technology for ornamental crops
  • Transfer of technology for commercialization of ornamentals

 

Area of Specialization

The department offers specialization in the following areas at the post graduate level

  • Flower regulation
  • Production Technology
  • Germplasm conservation, biodiversity and improvement
  • Biotechnology
  • Propagation
  • Protected cultivation
  • Flower regulation
  • Post harvest technology
  • Dehydration technology cum value addition
  • Bio-aesthetic planning

 

Head of the Department Contact Detail

 

Dr Y. C. Gupta
Professor and Head

Department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture
College of Horticulture
Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry,
Nauni Solan 173 230. Himachal Pradesh
Telephone: +01911792-252276 (0)
Fax: +911792-252242
Mobile: 91-94181-08902
Email: ycgupta2006@yahoo.co.in
Website: http://www.yspuniversity.ac.in