KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRA
Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry

Chamba at Saru Distt Chamba (HP) India 


Achievements

Coordination with extension and field functionaries

The officials of the line departments are the main link between the KVK and the farmers especially the field functionaries of Departments of Agriculture, Horticulture, DRDA, CDPO etc. The line departments sponsor the various training programmes at KVK Chamba and ensure the participation of progressive farmers and orchardists. In different off-campus training programmes also the field functionaries of line departments form an integral part and organize the identified groups. For laying out the demonstrations as well as the On Farm trials the officials of the line departments help in providing all the logistic support. The Officials of these departments are also members of the SAC and contribute in the planning and execution of different demonstrations and trainings as well as raise the issues for refining of technologies by the KVK. The KVK also organizes various trainings/ Field Days/ Kisan Goshthis/ Farmers’ fairs with the active collaboration of these line departments. The KVK carries out the activities under ATMA and Horticulture Technology Mission being operational in the state Departments of Agriculture and Horticulture, respectively. The problem specific surveys and diagnostic visits are also planned in consultation with the officials of Agriculture and Horticulture Departments. The field problems being faced by the officials of the state departments are also discussed with the KVK scientists and recommendations made thereafter.

Farm Advisory Services:
The KVK Chamba has been constantly in touch with the farmers and has been providing them farm advisory services both telephonically and through diagnostic field visits or farmers’ visit to the campus. Besides, the KVK Chamba has also launched a mobile farm advisory service to the farmers through SMS on the registered mobile phones.




Implementing State and Central Governments sponsored agriculture related development programmes:
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Chamba is involved in the State and Centrally sponsored projects in the district by way of providing technical backup in the various activities in such projects like RKVY, ATMA, Pt. DDU Kisan Bagwan Samridhi Yojna and Horticulture technology Mission.

Location Specific technologies and adaptive trials
The KVK has responded to the need for research-based case studies, particularly for grass-root workers and farming community. Technical back-strapping and action research addressed to the system's management issues has led to major policy decisions by ICAR. The outcome of these efforts has also greatly benefitted the training activities and the visibility of KVK.

Skill Demonstrations:


Dissemination of technologies through AIR, Doordarshan, Websites and Newspapers:
MEDIA COVERAGE
The KVK activities have regularly found mention in different print and electronic media and the scientists have also been delivering talks on different topics both on AIR and Doordarshan. The KVK also organized a Crop Seminar at Salooni on 26th April, 2010.


Success Stories:
CARNATION CULTIVATION IN CHURAH VALLEY OF CHAMBA


The Churah valley of Chamba district was an extremely backward area with the farmers having very small land holdings and no irrigation facilities. The major cropping systems of the area were Maize-Wheat and Silvi-pastoral systems. The farmers were earlier producing small amount of grains ( millets, kodra, cereals etc.) mainly to meet their domestic requirements and were poor. The urge to uplift the living conditions was felt by KVK scientists and some enthusiastic officers in the state who belonged to this area. They were instrumental in facilitating the liasoning with the Parvatiya Gramin Bank. The unemployed youth were the obvious choice to start the enterprise. The agro climatic conditions of the area were found suitable for the cultivation of cut flowers mainly carnation, gladiolus, lilium and orchids. The main problem was the financial assistance, marketing channels and the technical knowhow. For this the Bank, KVK and the Private Company were identified for further assistance.Initially a group of 11 motivated farmers took up the cultivation of carnation in some villages falling in 3 panchayats. The KVK assisted in the registration of a society which is now popularly known as “Churah Valley Fruit, Vegetables and Flower Growers’ Association”. The technical back up support was provided by the KVK to start the venture. The necessary inputs at the first instance were provided by Floritech and facilitated by the Parvatiya Gramin Bank and the returns were such that some farmers even paid back a major part of their loans from the first crop.
 

 

Name of Enterprise/ Specific Product : HONEY PRODUCTION

Bharmour sub division of Chamba district is a typically tribal and backward region under the wet temperate climate. This area was famous for its herbal and medicinal plants and honey derived from their nectar was traditionally used for curing various diseases since time immemorial. The farming system in the area is mainly Hort.-Agri- pastoral system. Apiculture on a commercial basis became economically unviable because of the diverse problems especially of red mite attack on the bee colonies. The honey being produced by the farmers was stored in ordinary tins and sold raw in exchange for ghee or other grocery items. Traditionally the bees used to be reared in indigenous structures which were of fixed type and lot of honey bees used to die during extreme winters also. To overcome the problems being faced by the farmers the KVK scientists conducted a survey of the area to apprise themselves with the problems and make suitable recommendations for revival of the enterprise. The process included suggestions and trainings on Control of pest attack on bee colonies. The honey especially the white honey produced from the flora of Plectranthus spp. is in great demand because of its medicinal value which fetches premium price in the market.

The technological intervention of the KVK was in the form of diagnostic visits and trainings to the farmer groups. The KVK was instrumental in popularization of modern wooden bee hives with frames for apiary and creating awareness for value addition through better refinement/packaging of honey to fetch premium prices in the market. The farmers were trained for better packaging and refining of honey and were motivated to adopt it on a large scale as an enterprise with an aim to serve as an additional income-generating activity and provide round the year employment to the rural youth. The farmers were earlier rearing bees of the species Apis cerana which were wild and honey yield was comparatively low. The domesticated bees of species Apis mellifera, having wider pollinating ranges and is capable of providing more honey, was also promoted through demonstrations and trainings.
 

Traditional and Modern Methods of Bee keeping in Chamba


The awareness programme was started in the year 1994 while the training part remained a continuous process. The pest problems (red mite) were encountered during 2004 when corrective measures were suggested and also the suggestions for improved packaging were given to the farmers. The extraction and refining machine under the NAIP project has been installed in the year 2009.

The farmers after getting the required motivation and training, adopted apiculture as an organized enterprise. They were further encouraged by the line departments which facilitated the availability of wooden framed boxes and bee colonies. As an entrepreneur, they were now confident enough to move ahead. Further their awareness about the importance of bees for pollination in apple also promoted the apiculture enterprise. Pollination in most of the temperate fruits, especially in apples, is done by insect, particularly by honeybees. The Horticulture Technological Mission project, too, has done its bit by giving subsidies besides making available bee hives, bee colonies, honey extractors, bee veils and C.F. sheets to needy and unemployed rural youths. The area has recently been provided with honey extractors and refining machine under the NAIP project in a collaborative project of the KVK and CSKHPKV Palampur. The farmers of the area have formed Self Help Groups and are working collectively for the processing and packaging of honey. The improved techniques have helped in reviving the bee keeping activities. The initiative was started by a group of 5 persons and the motivation and trainings regularly has led to a horizontal expansion of the group to about 350 farmers presently.
Apiary do not involve the replacement of any commodity. However the upgradation of bee hives from the traditional stationary hives to the wooden frame hives which can be transported easily does involve some expenditure but in these tribal areas such inputs are provided to the interested farmers at heavily subsidized/ nominal prices. This has led to its widespread acceptance in the locality.

The honey produced by these tribals especially the white honey obtained from flora of Plectranthus spp. is bought by the traders right at their doorsteps at premium prices. For honey of other flora during their period of migration they sell honey to local traders at the place of their temporary settlement. The society formed by the rural youth/ self help groups performs the role in the processing of honey and also in facilitating the sale of surplus honey at higher prices.
    

A tribal farmer with his Quality Produce

 

Scientific Advisory Committee meetings:

Year                                                                            No. of SAC Meetings Organized

 2005-06                                                                                               1

2006-07                                                                                               1

2007-08                                                                                               1

2008-09                                                                                               1

2009-10                                                                                               2

2010-11                                                                                               1

2011-12                                                                                               1

 

Annual Meetings, workshops at State, Zonal/National Level Attended by KVK Scientists:

Name of the Scientist

Title

Place

Date

Dr. C.D. Thapa

Extension Council Meeting

Solan

14.7.06

Dr. S.K. Bhardwaj

Nat. Symposium on Changing Concepts in Forestry

Solan

21-22.10.05

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

Zonal Workshop of KVKs

Hamirpur

9-10.5.06

Dr. S.K. Bhardwaj

Workshop on INCAR Network Project on Climate Change

Dehradun

27.2.06- 1.3.06

Dr. C.D. Thapa

QRT Meeting

Karnal

6-7.10.06

Dr. C.D. Thapa

Zonal Workshop of KVKs

Hisar

1-4.11.06

Dr. C.D. Thapa

National Workshop of KVKs

Hyderabad

26-27.11.06

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

Workshop on FLDs on Oilseeds and Pulses

Jammu

25-26.5.07

Dr. R.S. Chandel

Regional Seminar on IPR Issues patenting in Biotechnology

Solan

17.7.07

Dr. R.S. Chandel

State level Workshop on Extension reforms

Shimla

16-17.7.07

Dr. R.S. Chandel

Workshop on Establishment of VRCs in HP

Solan

25.8.07

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

State Level Workshop of KVKs

Palampur

26-27.9.07

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

Zonal Workshop of KVKs

Ludhiana

15-18.10.07

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj and Dr. S.K. Bhardwaj

Conference on Environment Livelihood security through resource management in North India

Chandigarh

29-31.10.07

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

National Seminar on INM- A key to sustain soil quality and crop productivity

Palampur

10-11.4. 08

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

Workshop on Institutional reforms

Chandigarh

25.4.08

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

National Watershed Workshop

Chamba

18.3.08

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj and Dr. Rajesh Kaler

Zonal Workshop of KVKs

Solan

29.9.08 – 1.10.08

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj and Dr. Rajesh Kaler

Officers’ Workshop on Rabi Crops

Palampur

14.11.08

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj and Dr. Rajesh Kaler

Sate level Workshop of KVKs

Palampur

16-17.1.09

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

National Workshop of KVKs

Pantnagar

27-29.12.08

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj and Dr. Uday Sharma

Meeting of KVKs of HP and J&K on FLDs

Kullu

30.6.09 – 1.7.09

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj, Dr. Rajesh Kaler and Dr. Vipan Guleria

Annual Meeting of HTM (Mini Mission)

Palampur

27.7.09- 28.7.09

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

National Workshop on Maize Production technology

New Delhi

18.9.09

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

National Workshop of KVKs

Coimbatore

6-8.11.09

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

Zonal Workshop of KVKs

Jammu

15-17.11.09

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj, Dr. Uday Sharma, Dr. Rajeev Raina and Dr. Rajesh Kaler

2 days KVK Workshop

Palampur

20-21.3.10

Dr. Rajesh Kaler

National Conference on Production of quality seed and planting material and health management in horticultural crops

New Delhi

11-14.3.2010

 

 

Publications:

 

Books/ Bulletins

Bhardwaj, M.L. 2010. Polyhouse mein Bemausmi Subji Utpadan (Revised Edition). Directorate of Extension Education, Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (HP).

Bhardwaj, M.L. 2010. Chamba mein Bemausmi Subji Utpadan(Revised Edition). Directorate of Extension Education, Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (HP).

M.L. Bhardwaj, S.K. Bhardwaj, R. S.Chandel and C.D. Thapa. Chamba mein Krishi taknikion avam jaevik kheti.  Editors  Kanwar offset Printers.  92p.

 

Research Papers:

 

Guleria, Vipan, R.K. Nayital and S.D. Bhardwaj. 2006. Nutrition of    Albizia chinensis Merr. As affected by farmyard manure and Phosphorus. Indian Forester.132 (9) 1216-1220.

Guleria, Vipan.2006. Effect of farmyard manure on the growth and nutrient dynamics of Albizia chinensis Merr. under nursery conditions. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences. 2 (2): 599-600.

Vipan Guleria, 2007.Variabilty status in Ambara( Spondias pinnata): a lesser known medicinal tree species in Himachal Pradesh .International Journal of Usufructs Management.8(1) 60-63

 

  Raina, Rajeev and C.D. Thapa. 2009. Effect of some systemic fungicides on Aphelenchoides composticola population associated with Agaricus bisporus. J. Curr. Sci. 14(1): 81-86.

Raina, Rajeev. 2009. Appearance, survival and control of black leaf spot (Isariopsis indica var. zizyphi) of ber in low hills of Himachal Pradesh. J Mycol Pl Pathol. 39 (3): 526-27

Sharma, Uday (2010). Critical input interventions in increasing productivity of pulse and oilseed crops in Chamba area of Himachal Pradesh. Progressive Research 5(2): 279-280.

Sharma, Uday (2010). Effect of INM on yield and soil properties in French beans cv. Arka Komal. Progressive Research 5(2): 279-280.

Sharma, Uday, S.V.S. Chaudhary and J Chauhan. (2010). Effect of sources of applied nutrients on the growth, flowering and seed production of China Aster under protected conditions. Annals of Agri- Bio Research 15(1): 9-11.

Sharma, Uday, S.V.S. Chaudhary , Rajesh Thakur and Satpal Baloda. (2010). Plant growth and flowering in carnation as influenced by conjoint use of inorganics and organics. Annals of Agri- Bio Research 15(1): 5-8.

Sharma, Uday, Bunty Shylla and Jitender Chauhan (2011). Impact of integrated use of chemical fertilizers, manures and biofertilizers on the seedling vigour of apple nurseries. Progressive Horticulture 43(1): 49-51.

Sharma, Uday and Jitender Chauhan (2011). Influence of integrated use of inorganic and organic sources of nutrients on growth and productivity of pea. J. Farm Sciences 1(1): 14-18.

Sharma, Uday (2011). Response of tomato to irrigation and fertilizer management practices. J. Hill Agriculture 2(1): 122-125.

Popular Artilcles (1):

Shylla, Bunty, Anil Handa, Uday Sharma and Bhupesh Gupta (2011). Biopiracy issues in Indian Agricultural and Horticultural Research. Agrovet Buzz Vol. IV (4): 23-26.

            

            Book Chapters (1):

            Bhardwaj, M.L. and Uday Sharma (2011). Honey Production – a profitable venture in tribal belt of Chamba. pp. 71-74. In: Energising Future Farming:  KVKs Zone-I, Zonal Project Directorate, Zone I, ICAR, PAU Campus, Ludhiana p82.

  

Extension Literature/ Books / Bulletins:

 

S.No.

Title of Publication

1.

Chamba mein Tamatar aur Shimla Mirch ki kheti

2.

Khumb ki kheti

3.

Chamba mein Seb ki Bagwani

4.

Chamba mein Bemausmi Subji Utpadan

5.

Bageechon mein Niyamit Sinchayi ka Mahatva

6.

Fal Utpadan mein Jaivik Khadon ka Prayog

7.

Tamatar Shimla Mirch ki Bemaariyan aur Keet

8.

Audyaniki evam Vaniki- Chamba Visheshank

9.

Khumb ki Beemariyaon va Keet ki Roktham

10.

Sarson ki Kheti

11.

Dhingri ki Kheti

12.

Mash ki Kheti

13.

Calender of Vegetable crops

14.

Kenchua Khad

15.

Polyhouse mein Bemausmi Subji Utpadan

16.

Kiwifal Utpadan

17.

Parvatiya Kshetron mein Krishi evam Bagwani

18.

Faslon ka Ekikrit keet evam Rog Prabandhan

19.

Chamba mein Krishi Takneekein evam Jaivik Kheti

20.

Pecan Nut ki Bagwani

21.

Akhrot ki Bagwani

22.

Himachal Pradesh ke Pramukh Aushdhiya evam Sugandhit Podhe

23.

Krshi Vigyan Patrika (Regular Publication of KVK)

 

 

Advanced Trainings Acquired:

Name of the Scientist

Name of Training Programme

Place

Date

Dr. S.K. Bhardwaj

Wasteland Management in Shiwaliks with particular reference to HP

UHF, Nauni

22-23, March, 2006

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

Advances in Vegetable Improvement

CAS, UHF, Nauni

28.3.06-17.4.06

Dr. Vipan Guleria

Technological Options in Medicinal Plants

NIRD, Hyderabad

28.8.06 – 17.9.06

Dr. ML Bhardwaj

Managerial tool and techniques in project management

SIMA , Lucknow

23.10.2007 to 27.10.2007 2007

Dr. SK Bhardwaj

Impact of intensive agriculture on environment quality

PAU, Ludhiana

28.11.2007 to 18.12.2007

Dr. R.K. Kaler

Intellectual property and its management in agriculture

CCSHAU, Hissar

28.11.2007 to 18.12.2007

Dr. Vipan Guleria

Advances in agro-forestry for lively hood security, sustainable development and biodiesel production

IGFRI, Jhansi

28.11.2007 to 18.12.2007

Dr. R.K. Kaler

Training on Precision farming

CSKHPKV, Palampur 

13.2.2008 to 16.2.2008

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

Training on Financial and Administrative matters

UHF, Nauni

5.6.08 – 7.6.08

Dr. Vipan Guleria

Capacity building training programme under Common Guidelines for watershed development project

CSWCRTI, Dehradun

2.3.09 – 16.3.09

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

Dr. Uday Sharma

Dr. Rajesh Kaler

Polyhouse Technology

CSKHPKV, Palampur

20.4.09-22.4.09

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

Dr. Rajeev Raina

Seed production technology of Potato

CPRI, Shimla

25.5.09 – 28.5.09

Dr. M.L. Bhardwaj

Dr. Rajesh Kaler

Training on Horticulture Management for Level I and II Experts of Kisan Call Centre

CSKHPKV, Palampur

29.6.09 – 3.7.09

Dr. Uday Sharma

Training on Natural Resource Management for Level I and II Experts of Kisan Call Centre

CSKHPKV, Palampur

29.8.09-30.8.09

Dr. Rajeev Raina

Advances in Mushroom Biology and Biotechnology

DMR, Solan

26.8.09- 15.9.09

Dr. Rajeev Raina

Table and Seed Potato production

CPRS, Modipuram

11.1.10 – 13.1.10

Dr. Rajeev Raina

Impact of climate change on agriculture and agriculture produce

CSKHPKV, Palampur

29.3.10 – 30.3.10

Dr. Uday Sharma

Micro processing of fruits and vegetables

CIPHET, Ludhiana

2.9.10 – 4.9.10

Dr. Ajay Kumar

Partnership of KVKs/SAUs/ICAR institutes with NABARD’s initiative for rural prosperity

BIRD, Lucknow

6.9.10 – 9.9.10

Dr. Rajeev Raina

Mushroom production technology for the trainers of KVKs of Zone- I

DMR Solan

27.9.10 – 2.10.10

 

xtension Activities Undertaken (2005-06 to 2009-10)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  (Numbers)                                          

SI. No.

Item

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

1.

Field Days

1

4

5

4

4

3

2

2.

 Agriculture Exhibition

1

2

2

1

2

2

2

3.

 Farmers’ Fairs

3

-

-

-

1

1

1

4.

 Radio Talk

-

12

3

3

3

2

1

5.

TV show

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

6.

Film show

-

10

27

38

42

82

65

7.

Training materials

Produced

(a)    Pamphlets

(b)   Video-cassette

(c)    Slides

 

 

3

-

 

-

 

 

2

-

 

-

 

 

2

-

 

-

 

 

3

-

 

-

 

 

4

-

 

-

 

 

4

-

 

-

 

 

1

-

 

-

8.

Farm Science

Club organized

-

-

4

1

2

2

1

9.

Mahila Mandals organized

-

-

2

2

2

1

1

10.

 Extension Training

Meeting organized

2

4

3

2

1

1

1

11.

Any other

a.       Field Visits

 

b.      Kisan Goshthis

 

c.       Other Days

 

d.      Method Demonstrations

 

13

 

1

 

 

2

 

6

 

43

 

1

 

 

6

 

11

 

32

 

2

 

 

3

 

18

 

 

62

 

6

 

 

3

 

29

 

75

 

5

 

 

6

 

32

 

98

 

4

 

 

4

 

54

 

118

 

3

 

 

5

 

58