A comprehensive knowledge of Soil Science and Water Management is of paramount importance for any crop production Programme. The department comes into being as a section of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry in 1962 of the then Himachal Pradesh Agricultural College and Research Institute; Solan and M.Sc. degree classes were started with affiliation to Punjab University, Chandigarh. With the shifting of post graduate programme to College of Agriculture, Palampur in 1971, the department catered to the undergraduate needs and also offered minor courses to postgraduate students of other departments. Later, it was upgraded to the postgraduate level in 1987 after the establishment of Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan and re-named as Department of Soil Science and Water Management. The Ph.D. program was, however, started during the academic year 1990-91. The department also caters to the teaching needs of both the colleges of Horticulture and Forestry as well as in its area of operation i.e. soils and agricultural engineering. The Faculty of the department has been assigned three fold duties of teaching, research and extension education. The department besides having state funded teaching and research schemes, is running one long term projects viz. Precision Farming Development Center (Ministry of Agriculture, GOI). In addition to this, there are many adhoc projects funded by different agencies, where the faculty is involved. The department also caters to the needs of farmers/growers/Govt. & private agencies in the field of water, soil, plant and fertilizer testing.



  • Development of manpower specialized in the field of Soil Science and Water Management through resident instructions at undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
  • Evolve suitable technology for sustainable production in the area of soil fertility and plant nutrition both for horticultural and forest species and formulating nutrient management recommendations.
  • Assessment of soil/plant health, delineation of nutrient deficiency/sufficiency areas and make suitable recommendations.
  • Conduct research on conservation and management of soil and water resources, water requirement of crops, irrigation scheduling, and water and fertilizer use efficiency.
  • Conduct research on in situ moisture conservation, water harvesting, high frequency irrigation system and use of plastics for increasing crop productivity and quality.
  • Development and promotion of organic farming and biofertilizer technology suitable for Himalayan region.
  • Delineation and management of problem soils and development of suitable technology for their management.
  • Study of soil characteristics, morphology and classifying them as per Soil Taxonomy.


Area of Specialization

The department offers specialization in the following areas:

  • Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition
  • Soil Physics
  • Soil Microbiology
  • Soil Pedology
  • Soil and Water Conservation
  • Agricultural Engineering


Head of the Department Contact Detail


Dr. J.C. Sharma

Professor & Head
Department of Soil Science & Water Management,
College of Forestry,

Dr.Y.S.Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry,
Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh 173230.
E:mail :
Phone : +91-1792-252328,
Fax : +91-01792-252211