A comprehensive knowledge of Soil Science and Water Management is of paramount importance for any crop production Programme. The department came into being as a section of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry in 1962 of the then Himachal Pradesh Agricultural College and Research Institute; Solan and M.Sc. degree classes were started with affiliation to Punjab University, Chandigarh. With the shifting of post graduate programme to College of Agriculture, Palampur in 1971, the department catered to the undergraduate needs and also offered minor courses to postgraduate students of other departments. Later, it was upgraded to the postgraduate level in 1987 after the establishment of Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan and re-named as Department of Soil Science and Water Management. The Ph.D. program was, however, started during the academic year 1990-91. The department also caters to the teaching needs of both the colleges of Horticulture and Forestry as well as in its area of operation i.e. soils and agricultural engineering. The Faculty of the department has been assigned three fold duties of teaching, research and extension education. The department besides having state funded teaching and research schemes, is running one long term projects viz. Precision Farming Development Center (Ministry of Agriculture, GOI). In addition to this, there are many adhoc projects funded by different agencies, where the faculty is involved. The department also caters to the needs of farmers/growers/Govt. & private agencies in the field of water, soil, plant and fertilizer testing.



  • Development of man power specialized in the vocation of Soil Science and Water Management
  • Development of nutrient and water management techniques for horticultural and forestry species.
  • Assessment of soil and plant health, delineation of nutrient deficiency/sufficiency areas, problem soils and site specific nutrient recommendations.
  • Conservation and management of soil and water resources
  • Development and promotion of organic farming, bio fertilizer technology & zero budget natural farming.
  • Increasing water and nutrient use efficiency through irrigation and fertigation scheduling.


Area of Specialization

Fields of Specialization for Graduate Research:

  • Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition
  • Soil Microbiology and Organic Farming
  • Soil Conservation and Water Management
  • Watershed Management

Thrust Areas:

  • Efficient water management through rain water harvesting and improved irrigation techniques.
  • Delineation of nutrient deficiency/sufficiency areas.
  • Integrated nutrient management technologies for horticultural crops.
  • Organic and zero budget natural farming.
  • Soil and plant health assessment and management in horticultural crops and forestry species.

Technologies Generated

  • Developed irrigation schedules for fruit and vegetable crops.
  • Developed fertigation schedules for apple and coloured capsicum.
  • Collaborated with State Department of Agriculture in finalizing designs of polyhouses.
  • Developed technology for preparation of enriched compost from agri-wastes.
  • Developed biofertilizer technology for quality nursery production and higher productivity of fruits and vegetable crops.
  • Developed low cost farm pond technology for water harvesting and storage.
  • Imparted soil and manure testing services to the farmers and  entrepreneurs.
  • Delineated widespread deficiency of zinc (Zn)  and boron (B) in apple orchards in Himachal Pradesh

Head of the Department Contact Detail


Dr. J. C. Sharma

Professor & Head
Department of Soil Science & Water Management,
College of Forestry,

Dr.Y.S.Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry,
Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh 173230.
E:mail :
Phone : +91-1792-252328, 98170-35769(M)
Fax : +91-01792-252211