The Regional Horticultural Research Station, Bajaura was established on 22nd March, 1986 in accordance with the provisions of Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry Act 1986. This station along with its associated sub-stations is required to conduct research on temperate fruits, vegetable crops, ornamentals, agroforestry and medicinal/aromatic plants to cater to the research needs of zone-II (sub-humid mid hill zone). It is located at 32.2oN latitude 77oE longitude and 1090m above mean sea level on NH 21 at 55km North-East of Mandi and 14km South of Kullu. The station is well connected by roads from Chandigarh, Shimla and Pathankot. Bhuntar Air Port which is having flights from Delhi, Chandigarh and Shimla is only 6 km away from the station. The area is having extreme climate which varies from hot summer to severe cold winter, with heavy snowfall at upper ranges. Generally 150 to 175cm of rainfall is recorded annually. The normal mean monthly maximum temperature is 31oC during June and minimum temperature is 0.8oC during January at Bajaura. The temperature may fall down to -5oC in January and May rise to 38oC in June at Bajaura.
Research work mainly on fruits, vegetable crops, flower crops, agro forestry and medicinal plants is being done. Nursery of improved varieties of temperate fruits is raised and distributed every year. Evaluation of different varieties of temperate fruits under different systems of plantations and working out the nutritional requirement. Research work on development of high yielding hybrids/varieties in tomato, pea and cauliflower. Standardization of cultural practices of exotic vegetables under Kullu valley conditions. Standardization of nutritional requirements and agronomical practices of ornamental plants. Evaluations of exotic and indigenous tree species for rehabilitation of river bed waste land and biomass production potential. Establishment of medicinal and aromatic plant based herbal garden. Nursery production of fuel fodder, timber, medicinal and aromatic plants. Besides, the work on epidemiology and integrated management of major diseases and insect pests is also being undertaken
The station is established mainly for research work on temperate fruits. The plantation includes precious germplasm (exotic as well as indigenous) of temperate fruit crops and different research trials like high density plantation, nutrition and orchard management, virus free bud wood bank. Further research work on yield potential and rootstock evaluation, pollination, pruning/training and management of diseases and insect pests.
The station has collection of cherry fruit germplasm and research work on varietal evaluation of cherry is carried out. Besides this an apiary has been maintained for scientific management of Apis cerana indica honey bees and its promotion among local bee keepers.
The station is having good collection of forest plants. Evaluation of exotic tree species under temperate western Himalayan conditions is being undertaken. A small forest nursery and herbal garden has also been maintained.
This station is having collections of about 34 temperate medicinal and aromatic plants. The work on their field practices and multiplication is being undertaken
Copyright ©2023 Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry Solan.
Developed & Maintained by CIC UHF Solan