Regional Horticultural Research and Training Station (RHR&TS), Mashobra
Introduction of Station mashobra
Regional Horticultural Research Station is the main research station on temperate fruits since its start in 1953 under the department of agriculture and later named as Regional Fruit Research Station in 1958 and is playing an important role in research and transfer of technology on temperate horticulture. This station was inherited from an apple orchard planted by Mr. Alexander Coutts, a tailor to the then Viceroy of India Lord Dufferin who originally planted the orchard known as "Hillock's Head" in the year 1887 where apple, pear, plum and a number of exotic ornamental plants including many varieties of roses were planted. Later on, it was named as 'Coutt's Garden', where some of famous English varieties of apple such as Yellow Newton, King of Pippin and Granny Smith were also introduced. Since December 1, 1985 it is a leading Regional Horticultural Research Station of Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and forestry, Nauni, Solan (HP) and centre of excellence for sustainable apple production.
Establishment of field gene bank of temperate fruits is also catering to needs of research, extension education and human resource development for Zone-III of the state. It has played a pivotal role in the horticultural development and bears the responsibility of solving the fundamental and applied problems of temperate fruit industry. It is the largest germplasm centre for apples, pear and cherries in India. At present, about 238 apples, 63 pears, 47 cherry and promising cultivars of hazelnut and walnut are there in the repository. This station has played a pivotal role to bring the name of Himachal as 'Apple state of India'. The fruit growers are relying on the recommendations and other advisory services of this station in their day to day orchard operations.
The station is located at a distance of 16 kms from Shimla on Shimla- Tattapani- Mandi road. It is situated at 31.1o N latitude and 77.1o E longitude, North West of Shimla with an elevation of 2286 meters above mean sea level. The soil is clay loam to clay, fairly deep and slightly acidic in nature with a pH of 6.5. Annual rainfall of the area is 135 to 150 cm, most of which is received as monsoon rains during July to September. The highest temperature during the year does not ordinarily exceed 29.4o C in summers and the minimum does not go below - 4o C in winter months. It has an area of 64 acres. There are six disciplines of applied research in Pomology, Plant Nutrition, Floriculture, Plant Pathology, Entomology and Economics.
RHRS has been honoured to welcome the visits of three Presidents of India namely; His Excellency Dr Rajendra Prasad, Shri V.V. Giri and Shri R. Venketraman and first Prime Minister of country Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru besides several Governors, Union Ministers, Chief Ministers and Ministers of different states. In addition, foreign dignitaries particularly scientists, professors, eminent persons, farmers of all the states and tourists all over the world visit station to see fruits and flowers every year.
Area of Research
- Fruit Science
- Floriculture and Land Scaping
- Plant Pathology
- Food Science and Technology
- Soil Science
- To introduce and evaluate germplasm of temperate fruits
- To standardize stionic combinations in apple and Pear
- To evaluate chilling models for determining chill unit requirement of apple.
- To study the impact of climate change on productivity and to develop strategies for overcoming weather vagaries.
- To standardize training and pruning techniques in young apple trees and to rejuvenate old senile orchards
- To standardize crop regulation techniques in apple through the use of plant growth regulators and nutrient formulations
- Multiplication of virus free rootstocks of apple
- To study nutrient management for sustainable apple production.
- To recommend efficient fertilizer use through leaf analysis.
- To introduce and evaluate temperate ornamental germplasm
- To standardize propagation techniques and growing media of commercial potted plants and temperate landscape plants
- To standardize crop regulation techniques of temperate ornamental crops
- Nursery production of temperate seasonal landscape trees, shrubs, climbers, herbaceous perennials and bulbous plants
- Forecasting and integrated management of apple scab and Marssonina blotch
- Diagnosis of temperate fruit diseases and their management techniques
- Survey, surveillance and management of major temperate fruit pests
- To evaluate summer oils, insecticides and acaricides against pests like mites and San Jose scale
Satellite Research Stations:
Temperate Horticulture Research Station Kotkhai, District - Shimla (HP)
Visit of VIP's to the Research Station